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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Prenatal infection with lipopolysaccharide or polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid induces higher expression of T helper 17-associated cytokines. (a) Showed that protein expression of IL-17a was significantly higher in lipopolysaccharide and polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid groups after 5-day imiquimod protocol. (b) Showed both lipopolysaccharide and polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid groups had higher expression of IL-23a. (c) showed, protein expression of IL-22 was significantly higher in polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid group, while the expression was not different between lipopolysaccharide and phosphate-buffered saline groups. (d) showed the sample size in each group. LPS: Lipopolysaccharide. Poly I:C: Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid, PBS: Phosphate-buffered saline, IMQ: Imiquimod, *: P < 0.05, **: P < 0.01, ****: P < 0.0001, ns: Not significant.

Figure 3: Prenatal infection with lipopolysaccharide or polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid induces higher expression of T helper 17-associated cytokines. (a) Showed that protein expression of IL-17a was significantly higher in lipopolysaccharide and polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid groups after 5-day imiquimod protocol. (b) Showed both lipopolysaccharide and polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid groups had higher expression of IL-23a. (c) showed, protein expression of IL-22 was significantly higher in polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid group, while the expression was not different between lipopolysaccharide and phosphate-buffered saline groups. (d) showed the sample size in each group. LPS: Lipopolysaccharide. Poly I:C: Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid, PBS: Phosphate-buffered saline, IMQ: Imiquimod, *: <i>P</i> < 0.05, **: <i>P</i> < 0.01, ****: <i>P</i> < 0.0001, ns: Not significant.