Dermatologica Sinica

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 197--203

Autoinflammatory keratinization diseases: The concept, diseases involved, and pathogeneses


Masashi Akiyama 
 Department of Dermatology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Masashi Akiyama
Department of Dermatology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8550
Japan

As predisposing factors and pathogenic mechanisms of inflammatory keratinization disorders of the skin have become increasingly elucidated in recent years, a number of inflammatory keratinization disorders are now known to have the excessive activation of innate immunity as their pathogenesis. Autoinflammation-associated pathogeneses have been clarified in patients with generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP), pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) type V, and familial keratosis lichenoides chronica (KLC). Thus, based on these findings, in 2017, we proposed the clinical entity “autoinflammatory keratinization disease (AiKD),” which comprehensively includes inflammatory keratinization disorders with pathogenic mechanisms related to autoinflammation (the excessive activation of innate immunity). In 2017, GPP and associated diseases, PRP type V, and familial KLC came to be considered as AiKDs. In addition to these diseases, hidradenitis suppurative, porokeratosis, keratosis linearis with ichthyosis congenita and sclerosing keratoderma syndrome, and AiKDs with hepatitis and autism have been newly recognized as AiKDs. The concept of AiKD may contribute to the selection of novel treatment methods. For example, recognizing hidradenitis suppurativa precisely as an AiKD has resulted in the application of adalimumab, an anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha antibody, as a treatment. The concept of AiKD is thought to be useful toward our accurate understanding of the pathogeneses of inflammatory keratinization disorders and our choice of appropriate treatment methods. As the pathogenic mechanisms of inflammatory keratinization disorders are further elucidated, it is presumed that the number of keratinization diseases whose pathogeneses are associated with autoinflammation will increase and that the number of diseases recognized as AiKDs will grow more and more.


How to cite this article:
Akiyama M. Autoinflammatory keratinization diseases: The concept, diseases involved, and pathogeneses.Dermatol Sin 2022;40:197-203


How to cite this URL:
Akiyama M. Autoinflammatory keratinization diseases: The concept, diseases involved, and pathogeneses. Dermatol Sin [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Feb 8 ];40:197-203
Available from: https://www.dermsinica.org/article.asp?issn=1027-8117;year=2022;volume=40;issue=4;spage=197;epage=203;aulast=Akiyama;type=0