Dermatologica Sinica

EDITORIAL
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 127--128

Next-generation bioinformatics in dermatology research


Yi-Ju Chen 
 Department of Dermatology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Yi-Ju Chen
Department of Dermatology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, No. 1650 Taiwan Boulevard Sect. 4, Taichung 40705
Taiwan




How to cite this article:
Chen YJ. Next-generation bioinformatics in dermatology research.Dermatol Sin 2022;40:127-128


How to cite this URL:
Chen YJ. Next-generation bioinformatics in dermatology research. Dermatol Sin [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Nov 26 ];40:127-128
Available from: https://www.dermsinica.org/text.asp?2022/40/3/127/357359


Full Text



The rapid growth of metagenomic data from the next-generation bioinformatics analyses facilitates the understanding of the genes, host-microbe interactions, associated signaling pathways, and genetic functional networks within the pathogenesis of diseases. An alteration of the skin microbiome in chronic inflammatory skin diseases has been considered an emerging target for disease management. However, little is known about its role in skin aging and esthetic medicine. In this issue of Dermatol Sinica, Weng and Chen[1] reviewed emerging perspectives on the role of the skin microbiota in acne vulgaris, skin aging, and rosacea from studies using 16s rRNA and metagenomics analyses, and suggested the potential development of therapies targeting the pathogenic strains of the skin microbiome involved in these skin problems. Zhang[2] identified several immune-associated genes associated with signal transduction, inflammatory response, immune response, and innate immune response in atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and psoriasis, by single-sample gene set enrichment analysis and gene ontology biological process. These immune-associated genes, such as FCGR3A, CD86, and CSF1R, might be considered therapeutic targets for patients with these inflammatory skin diseases. Moreover, Lu[3] identified a novel autosomal dominant inherited mutation of KRT10, instead of a known KRT17, in a familial steatocystoma multiplex.

Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) and alopecia areata (AA) are the common causes of alopecia. The clinical relevance of systemic comorbidities in both diseases and protocol of management are not standardized. In this issue of Dermatol Sinica, Wang[4] reported an increased rate of comorbid laboratory abnormalities in FPHL. Coexisting zinc deficiency, iron depletion, and thyroid abnormalities were commonly seen in individuals with FPHL. Younger patients (<50 years) had a higher rate of iron deficiency than in the older age group. Otherwise, Lu[5] reported a satisfactory but temporary effect after three monthly corticosteroid pulse therapy in those with severe AA. Patients with a shorter duration of AA (≤6 months) had a significantly better response to corticosteroid pulse therapy.

Finally, in this issue of Dermatol Sinica, two rare cases of papuloerythroderma of Ofuji (PEO) with different presentations were reported in this issue. Wang[6] reported that a PEO patient presented the paraneoplastic syndrome of lung cancer and died after 1 year of chemotherapy. Otherwise, Egawa and Kabashima[7] reported a losartan potassium/hydrochlorothiazide-induced PEO case that was resolved after discontinuing the drug.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Weng YC, Chen YJ. Skin microbiome in acne vulgaris, skin aging, and rosacea: An evidence-based review. Dermatol Sin 2022;40:129-42.
2Zhang L, Wang HL, Tian XQ, Liu WL, Hao Y, Gao L. Identification of immune-related genes in atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and psoriasis: A bioinformatics analysis. Dermatol Sin 2022;40:162-7.
3Lu KL, Wang CW, Chung WH, Wang FY. A novel mutation in keratin 10 passed down in a family with familial steatocystoma multiplex. Dermatol Sin 2022;40:188-9.
4Wang HJ, Yeh JW, Chang YF, Wu JS, Yang CC. Comorbid laboratory abnormalities in female pattern hair loss patients. Dermatol Sin 2022;40:174-7.
5Lu HA, Yang CC, Chen YC. Three monthly doses of corticosteroid pulse therapy yields a satisfactory but temporary response in severe alopecia areata patients. Dermatol Sin 2022;40:178-81.
6Wang WY, Su YC, Lan CC, Chiu SH. Papuloerythroderma of Ofuji as a paraneoplastic phenomenon in a patient with lung cancer. Dermatol Sin 2022;40:182-3.
7Egawa G, Kabashima K. A case of papuloerythroderma of Ofuji possibly associated with a combination drug of losartan potassium/hydrochlorothiazide. Dermatol Sin 2022;40:184-5.