• Users Online: 224
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
  • Email this page
  • Email this page
  • Email this page


 
 
Table of Contents
CORRESPONDENCE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 220-221

Squamous cell carcinoma of the auricle treated by intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy


1 Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2 Department of Dermatology, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan
3 Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Municipal United Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
4 Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Chung Ho Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
5 Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan

Date of Submission02-Aug-2021
Date of Decision12-Oct-2021
Date of Acceptance02-Nov-2021
Date of Web Publication14-Dec-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ming-Hsien Lin
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsin-Chu
Taiwan
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ds.ds_48_21

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Sheen YT, Sheen YS, Chen YY, Sheen MC, Lin MH. Squamous cell carcinoma of the auricle treated by intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy. Dermatol Sin 2021;39:220-1

How to cite this URL:
Sheen YT, Sheen YS, Chen YY, Sheen MC, Lin MH. Squamous cell carcinoma of the auricle treated by intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy. Dermatol Sin [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Dec 5];39:220-1. Available from: https://www.dermsinica.org/text.asp?2021/39/4/220/332517



Dear Editor,

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the external auditory canal, external ear, or periauricular skin poses special challenges for definitive surgical resection and reconstruction, as the lesion may invade the lateral skull base, or infiltrate the facial nerve, compromise hearing, and metastasize to nodal basins in the parotic and neck.[1],[2] In this paper, we present a case of SCC of the auricle that was treated by intra-arterial (IA) chemotherapy.

An 81-year-old male exhibited an unhealing ulcer on the left ear for ½ a year. The biopsy revealed moderately differentiated SCC. He refused surgical resection because of cosmetic concerns and medical comorbidities. On admission, an ill-defined, red scaly plaque over the antihelix and concha and a 1-cm ulcer on the cymba concha over the left ear was found [Figure 1]a and [Figure 1]b. No regional lymph node was palpable. Systemic evaluation, including chest X-ray, head and neck computed tomography scan, and abdominal echo all revealed no evidence of distant metastasis.
Figure 1: (a) An ill-defined, red scaly plaque over the antihelix and concha and a 1-cm ulcer on the cymba concha over the left ear was found. (b) The patient was in sustained complete remission seven years after recurrence. (c) The catheter was catheterized through the left lingual artery into the external carotid artery, with the tip located proximal to the branching of the posterior auricular artery.

Click here to view


The implantable port-catheter system (Jet Port Plus Allround, PFM, Cologne Germany) was used for catheterization.[3] Due to severe atherosclerosis of the superior thyroid artery, the catheter was catheterized through the left lingual artery into the external carotid artery, with the tip located proximal to the branching of the posterior auricular artery [Figure 1]c. The patient was infused continuously with 50 mg methotrexate (MTX) every 24 h using a portable pump (CADD-1, Deltec, St. Paul, Minn) with simultaneous leucovorin 15 mg intramuscular injection every 12 h. The ear pinna showed local heat, erythema, and swelling after 1 week of treatment. In total, MTX infusion was given for 12 days and was stopped due to thrombocytopenia (Grade II) and transient elevation of liver enzymes (Grade II). After continuous infusion, the tumor shrank, leaving an ulcerative wound. The patient then received weekly intermittent IA infusion of 50 mg MTX every 1 or 2 weeks at an outpatient clinic. The wound healed completely 5 months after the treatment's start. Fourteen months after the treatment, a 1-mm ulcer developed, and biopsy revealed the recurrence of SCC. Another course of continuous infusion of MTX and simultaneous leucovorin were given to the patient for 8 days and stopped due to thrombocytopenia (Grade III). The ulcer healed 1 month after treatment. The patient was carefully followed with weekly IA infusions of MTX 50 mg for ½ a year. The infusion was given every 2 weeks for 3 months, then every 3 weeks for another 3 months. No catheter-related neurological or vascular complication was noted. The patient was in sustained complete remission 7 years after recurrence.

Invasive SCC of the ear frequently follows an aggressive clinical course with a high recurrence rate, metastasis, and morbidity.[2] Traditional management of SCC of the ear consists of surgical resection, posing unique esthetic challenges for skin graft or local flap reconstruction after excision.[1],[2] Postoperative radiotherapy is performed to treat more aggressive tumors or for close surgical margins, perineural spread, or lymphovascular invasion.[1] Chemotherapy is typically reserved for metastatic disease.[1] IA chemotherapy has the potential to be more efficacious and tolerable compared with systemic chemotherapy due to higher local drug concentration and reduced systemic side effects.[3],[4] Exposure of the cochlea to cisplatin chemotherapy and radiotherapy is associated with hearing loss in patients with head-and-neck cancer.[5] IA chemotherapy with MTX and leucovorin rescue was provided for this patient, because of the high therapeutic concentration of MTX in the ear with relative lack of ototoxicity, myelosuppression, and mucositis, when compared to conventional chemotherapeutic agents.[3],[4],[5] IA chemotherapy was technically feasible and rarely leads to cerebrovascular accidents in the treatment of head-and-neck cancer.[4],[6],[7] The systemic side effects were mild and tolerable.[4],[6],[7] However, swelling, heat, and redness in the ear pinna after infusion were noted, which recovered completely 2 weeks later.

IA infusion chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy has been reported as an effective treatment for carcinoma of the ear.[8] This case report showed that IA infusion alone is also effective, with the advantage of cosmetic and functional preservation. IA chemotherapy represents an alternative option for elderly patients with comorbidities ineligible for radical surgery, radiotherapy, or systemic chemotherapy.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained appropriate patient consent form. In the form, the patient has given his consent for the images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understands that his name and initial will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal the identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

This work was supported by grants from the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH 100-S4843, NTUH 111-S0233, NTUH 111-UN0028), and National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch (110-HCH039).

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Kovatch KJ, Smith JD, Birkeland AC, Hanks JE, Jawad R, McLean SA, et al. Institutional experience of treatment and outcomes for cutaneous periauricular squamous cell carcinoma. OTO Open 2019;3:2473974X19875077.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Silapunt S, Peterson SR, Goldberg LH. Squamous cell carcinoma of the auricle and Mohs micrographic surgery. Dermatol Surg 2005;31:1423-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Sheen YT, Sheen MC, Sheu HM, Sheen YS. Intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced basosquamous carcinoma of the nose. JAAD Case Rep 2021;14:97-100.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Sheen YT, Chen YY, Sheen MC. Case report of a huge lower lip cancer successfully treated with intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy. Int J Surg Case Rep 2020;71:82-4.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Schuette A, Lander DP, Kallogjeri D, Collopy C, Goddu S, Wildes TM, et al. Predicting hearing loss after radiotherapy and cisplatin chemotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020;146:106-12.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Wu CF, Chen CM, Chen CH, Shieh TY, Sheen MC. Continuous intraarterial infusion chemotherapy for early lip cancer. Oral Oncol 2007;43:825-30.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Wu CF, Chen CM, Shen YS, Huang IY, Chen CH, Chen CY, et al. Effective eradication of oral verrucous carcinoma with continuous intraarterial infusion chemotherapy. Head Neck 2008;30:611-7.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Ueda Y, Kurita T, Matsuda Y, Ito S, Nakashima T. Superselective, intra-arterial, rapid infusion chemotherapy for external auditory canal carcinoma. J Laryngol Otol Suppl 2009;31:75-80.  Back to cited text no. 8
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1]



 

Top
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  In this article
References
Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1504    
    Printed64    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded181    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal